Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia and centre of the country’s politics and business. It’s so also the most populous city inside archipelago and the local population are expanding at a fairly rapid rate because most individuals from the rural areas or smaller towns migrate into the mega city in search of a livelihoods. The earliest known settlement in the area we now know as Jakarta was built around 400 AD. On the other hand, the Dutch could establish a new power in this region in 1619 that could become the centre of colonial politics.
Facts about Jakarta: The soil size of Jakarta is 662.3 square km, equivalent to only 0.035 percentage of Indonesia’s total size. During daytime there are 11.2 million people living or working in Jakarta. Interestingly, during night time the figure falls to 10.2 million. This means that about 1.2 million people travel to Jakarta at the morning. In the late mid-day or early evening, these individuals today travel back into the regions around Jakarta. Therefore, Jakarta’s traffic at the morning and mid-day is a fantastic challenge. Even though with regards to land size Jakarta only constitutes 0.035 percent of the entire Indonesian nation, the population of Jakarta is 4 percent of the entire Indonesian population.
As such, on average, there reside 15, 367 Jakartans on each sq kilometer, a staggering density. The total span of existing roads in Jakarta is 6, 956 kilometer. Nevertheless, this is hardly enough to cater the nearly 19 million motorized cars. Problematically, many – if not most – of the present roads are in bad condition, thus exacerbating traffic congestion. If all the cars in Jakarta will be parked in one line, then the line would extend across 45, 356 km, more than 6.5 times the total length of Jakarta’s present road network.
In addition, the speed of motorized vehicle increase in Jakarta is 8.75 percent annually, whilst the expansion of the road network is a lot slower. Only two.43 percentage of Jakarta consists of people recreational green areas, far from the ideal 30 percent. This also implies Jakarta isn’t very child friendly. Possibly the most famous people place for outdoor activity and also to play football, have a pick nick and unwind is the wide sq around Monas at Central Jakarta. Immediate investment realization in Jakarta reached IDR 24.2 trillion in Q1-2017, contributing 14.6 percentage to total direct investment in Indonesia in that quarter.
Officially, there are 1, 410 big and mid-sized companies based in Jakarta, while there are 16, 454 small companies enrolled in this mega city. Nevertheless, there is a large informal sector. About 3.8% of the Jakartan population – approximately 390, 000 individuals in absolute terms – resides beneath the local poverty line. This is nearly 3 times beneath the national poverty rate, thus it’s attractive to migrate to Jakarta to improve one’s living conditions.